Please also note that these examples refer to Web pages retrieved from the free Internet. They do not refer to e-books, nor do they refer to articles from databases or online encyclopedias accessible through the library. For examples of citing these types of materials, click on the books, articles, and/or encyclopedias links to the left.
Section 14.245 of the Manual presents the elements of a webpage citation (which are in a slightly different order than a citation for a book or article):
- Webpage title (or a description of the page if there is no title)
- Webpage author (if any)
- The owner or sponsor of the site
- Publication, revision, or last updated date if any; if no date of this nature is available, include an access date
- Webpage address. Unlike in other citation styles, you do include a period at the end of a webpage address when citing webpages in the Chicago style.
Web Page, Author:
Kathie Nunley, "The Caffeine Craze of Youth," Layered Curriculum, accessed July 28, 2008. http://help4teachers.com/caffeine.htm.
Web Page, Group Author:
United Nations Platform for Action Committee, “Globalization and Clothes,” Women and the Economy, last modified March 2011,
Web Page, No Author:
"Leave no Veteran Behind: A Special Court Tries to Keep Troubled Veterans out of Prison,” The Economist, June 2, 2011,
- There is a distinction between a webpage and a website: a webpage is an individual page that forms part of a larger, broader website -- for example the Ask A Librarian page is a webpage within the Meriam Library's website.
- When citing content from the Web, cite the individual page where you found the information you are citing, not the broader website
- The title of a webpage is analogous to chapter or article title, and as such should be "put in quotation marks." The title of a website is analogous to a book or journal title, and as such should be italicised.
Rebecca MacKinnon, “Internet freedom is dead. Long live Internet freedom,” RConversation (blog), September 27, 2010,
- Section 14.243 of the Manual defines a blog as being a webpage with dated entries (posts) and dated comments
For additional information, see sections 14.243-246 of the Manual.
Article with a DOI:
6. Patrick G. P. Charles et al., “SMART-COP: A Tool for Predicting the Need for Intensive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support in Community-Acquired Pneumonia,” Clinical Infectious Diseases 47 (August 1, 2008): 377, accessed July 17, 2009, doi:10.1086/589754.
Charles, Patrick G. P. et al. “SMART-COP: A Tool for Predicting the Need for Intensive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support in Community-Acquired Pneumonia.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 47 (August 1, 2008): 377. Accessed July 17, 2009. doi:10.1086/589754.
Article without a DOI: Use URL.
7. Mark A. Hlatky et al., "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial," Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002), accessed November 15, 2006, http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.
Hlatky, Mark A., Derek Boothroyd, Eric Vittinghoff, Penny Sharp, and Mary A. Whooley. "Quality-of-Life and Depressive Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women after Receiving Hormone Therapy: Results from the Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Trial." Journal of the American Medical Association 287, no. 5 (2002). Accessed November 15, 2006. http://jama.ama-assn.org/issues/v287n5/rfull/joc10108.html#aainfo.