...Organ Transplant in the United States Stephanie Daniels UCA Certificate of Authorship I hereby certify that I am the author of this document and any assistance I received in preparing this report is fully acknowledged. I have also cited in APA format all sources of data, data analysis, ideas, words, phrases, or sentences. I also hereby certify that I have not submitted this paper to any other professor, at Webster University or elsewhere, during the course of my educational career. I have properly cited and acknowledged material that was presented in previous papers of my authorship. Signature: __________________________________________________ Date: __________________________________________________ TABLE OF CONTENTS Page # Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………3 Organ Transplant…………………………………………………………………………..4 What Organs and Tissues Can Be Donated……………………………………………….6 Organ Transplant Cost…………………………………………………………………….10 Ethical Issues: Organ Transplant…………………………………………………………..11 Strength and Weaknesses……………………………………………………………….....14 Alternatives and Key Challenges: Organ/Tissue Transplant……………………………...15 Summary and recommendations…………………………………………………………...17 References…………………………………………………………………………………19 Abstract Organ transplant experiments began in the 1800’s on animals and humans as a......
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...Organ Donation Two baby boys were born today, Matthew and Michael, they are not twins, not even related, both born only minutes apart on the same day. At the age of 4 months the boys became ill, their parents told the Doctor’s, “he just isn’t himself, crying a lot, not wanting to eat, and very lethargic”. Matthew had an ear infection; Michael was diagnosed with juvenile diabetes. At age 6 the boys went to school, at 10:15 everyday Matthew rushed to the playground so he could get the good swing, Michael went to the nurse to get his insulin shot. At age 14, Matthew needed braces, Michael needed an insulin pump; his shots were no longer effective. At age 17, Matthew applied for college; Michael was added to a National Organ Donor registry. Matthew waits anxiously every day for his acceptance letter to college, Michael waits for a kidney donor. There are over 107,173 men, woman and children, just like Michael, on a waiting list for a life saving organ transplant. (OrganDonor.gov) Included in this number are, 750 Kentuckians awaiting life sustaining organ transplants. (Kentucky Organ Donor Affiliates) Organ donation is desperately needed, it can improve and prolong the life of someone that needs an organ transplant, and becoming an Organ donor is extremely easy. Every 11 minutes another name is added to this waiting list. Seventeen people die a day waiting for a transplant. (OrganDonor.gov) Every day, about 68 people receive organ or tissue transplants that......
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...Body I. The shortage of organs is a serious problem with many contributing factors. A. We all herd different reasons from one person or another why you shouldn’t be an organ donor but all of them are just myths. 1. For example, have you ever heard that if you are in an accident and the hospital realizes you are an organ donor, then the doctors will not try as hard to save your life? a. According to Organdonor.gov, this is not true because a hospital’s main concern is always to save lives. b. The medical team is completely separate from the transplant team. c. The transplant team, called the Organ Procurement Organization, or OPO, is not even notified until death is legally declared and the family has been contacted. 2. Others are under the impression that they are not able to donate. a. For example, have you ever thought that you were too young to donate your organs? Well, you are not. b. According to the Department of Health and Human Services, anyone can indicate their intent to donate organs with their parents’ consent if there under the age of 18. c. Organs from newborns as well as the elderly are always needed. (Internal transition) Even if you have doubts about your eligibility, it is worth it to make plans anyway. If you intend to be a donor, it is critical that you plan......
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...Doctor's Decision to Take ''Donor'' Organs? Organ donation is the donation of biological tissue or an organ of the human body, from a living or dead person to a living recipient in need of transplantation. The demand for organ transplantation has increased rapidly all over the world recently. In Australia, around 1,600 people are on Australian organ transplant waiting lists. These people are seriously ill and for many the generosity of an organ donor is their only chance for life itself. Whilst Australia is a world leader for successful transplant outcomes, it has one of the lowest donation rates in the developed world. Each year there are only approximately 200 organ donors across Australia. This figure equates to Australia having one of the lowest organ donor rates in the developed world and hundreds of people die each year while waiting for an organ transplant. In order to increase the number of organs available for transplant, the Federal Health Minister, Dr Blewett suggested that doctors should be free to take organs from dead people virtually at will, under possible new laws. There are people who agree that it should be the doctor's decision to take 'donor' organs as by doing so, organ recipients will be given a second chance to live. For people with serious or life-threatening illness, organ transplantation is their only option for a second chance at life.If these doctors are given the authority to take ''donor organs'',organ transplants can be carried out in......
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...simply because the organ they need is not available. This is a crisis and it has a cure. Almost everyone has the power to save their live, including you and me. Imagine that for the past 5 years you have been to hospital 3 times a week for dialysis, the only thing can help you at this point is a new kidney, because the dialysis is not a lifetime solution. Think about how frustrating and anxious you might be to live a life waiting for a organ transplant that could be much more easily if a great amount of people donate it. After a transplant of a vital organ, the average survival rate is over 80%. A massive increase from the 20% that would live without the surgery. With medical breakthroughs, and a organ and tissue donation, you can help save the live of many people all over the world. One person who donates organs (hearts, lungs, liver, kidneys, pancreas and intestines) can save up to ten lives, while a tissue donor (corneas, bone, skin, heart valves, tendons, veins, etc.) can improve 12 or more lives by restoring eyesight, helping fight infections in burn patients and preventing the loss of mobility and disability. When asked if they would like to become organ donors, many people ask themselves "Why should I donate my organs? What are the benefits? " For many people the topic of organ donation can be a touchy one. Many people have religious beliefs against the practice, or apply to certain conspiracy theories that put forth horror stories about organs being taken from......
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...is a welcome event that can alleviate pain and suffering and can sometimes save the life of another. A simple decision to become an organ donor can save lives and improve the quality of life of recipients. Receiving a needed organ facilitates a restoration of physiological functioning and often means the difference between life and death. Many people have misconceptions regarding organ donation and simply do not understand the facts. Some do not realize the vast numbers on waiting lists and how simply becoming a donor could save the life of another. Others may be apprehensive about making a decision about their bodies after death. In this paper we explain the origins and history of organ donation, the process by which organs are donated, the ethical implications behind organ donation and discuss many of the proposed solutions to solve the organ shortage issue. HISTORY OF ORGAN DONATION The origins of organ donation arose with several experimental transplants. The first successful transplant was a bone transplant in 1878, which used a bone from a cadaver. (14) Experimentally, bone marrow transplants began by giving patients bone marrow orally after meals to cure leukemia. This had no effect, but later when they used intravenous injections to treat aplastic anemia, there was some effect (14). One development that largely aided organ donation was the discovery of blood groups in the early 20th century. The first recorded kidney transplant was in 1909 and was a......
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...Organ Donation The act of saving lives has reached a remarkable goal. With the process of organ donations, life can still go on for the unfortunate people with malfunctioning organs. Every one should be an organ donor because each day approximately sixty people out of one hundred receive an organ transplant, but another seventeen people on the waiting list die. A single organ and tissue donor could save or enhance the lives of more than fifty people. Organ donation is the surgical removal of organs and or tissue from a donor after he is declared brain dead. The organ or tissues are transplanted into another living person. To be considered brain dead, the patient is put through a series of tests to determine if death has occurred. Death is indicated when a person can not breathe without assistance. There is no blood flow or oxygen to the brain, or there is no brain function. After confirmation that the deceased person is declared a donor, blood supplies are taken for the matching process. Once a recipient is located, the organs are removed by the organ procurement team. The organs are never removed unless a recipient is located, which is very rare. The recipient list is very long, and there are not enough organs available. [pic] Stacy Soltys was a seventeen year old high school senior when she died in a car crash. Her mother Cheryl donated Stacy’s heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, bone, corneas, and even her skin. Stacy had always been a giving person and she would want to......
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...Abraham Castillo Persuasive Speech Topic: Organ Donation Thesis Statement: Becoming an Organ Donor isn’t only an important decision for yourself, but also to the life you are capable of saving and having the power to save. I. Introduction- A. Attention Material/ Credibility Material: The Holidays are coming up, and some of us are anxious to see what the holidays may bring for us. How about if this gift we were patiently waiting wasn’t one you can find at your local retail store, but instead this was a gift you were on a waiting list for and it was life threatening. Shutong Hao (Tong Tong) received the heart of donor Matthew Mingin, a four-year-old described by his mother as “a polite and generous boy with a heart of gold.” With her new heart, Tong Tong was transformed into an energetic, happy child. Matthew’s gift helped save other lives as well. “One woman made the decision to become a donor when she heard our story,” says Shutong’smother. “We are so grateful.” B. Tie to Audience- Someone on the 10,000 donor list maybe someone you know either a relative or family member C. Thesis and Preview- Today I would like to talk to you about the need of organs in our country, how you may become an organ donor, finally how you’re family and the organ recipient’s benefit from your donation. [Transition: Organ donors] II. Body- It may be your next door neighbor or even a close relative that may need a donation. 1. In 1902, the first kidney......
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...[pic] Organ Donation Research Organ Donor Information Nareg Tarinian Health Research Paper • Professor Lorch • June 5, 2014 [pic] [pic] Everyday about 6,100 people die, 82, 951 people are waiting for organs to be donated, and ach day 17 people die because they do not receive a transplant since there is not enough people giving to be a donor. There are 100,000 people in the U.S in need of organ transplants, but the wait list is so long, unfortunately. Organ transplants are a significant tool for medical treatment today and the use of them will increase by this much 50%, there are significant issues with organ donation such as finding a wrong match or the transplant taking too long, and specific solutions by having more and more people become donors, which will start a future for them. Organ donation is when a person who died, has previously declared themselves as an organ donor and allowed permission for their organs to be transplanted into someone who need’s their specific organs because of some medical condition, can’t survive without the specific needed organ. When a person dies, it is said that their heart, intestine, kidneys, liver, lung, pancreas, heart valves, bone, skin, corneas, veins, cartilage, and tendons can all be used for transplants. Deciding to donate organs is beneficial to everyone, morally the right thing to do when you pass on if it is not against your religion,and is also one of the most best ways for survival. Transplants date from the 9th......
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...Pro’s and con’s of organ donation -Theis TEXT 1: We must change the organ donation system – An article written by Denis Campbell, published in The Guardian News. The narrator Denis Campbell stays very neutral to the issue throughout the whole article and he only seems interested in knowing other peoples opinion. As a result of such he interviewed two different persons and had their opinion on the matter. Sir Liam Donaldson, the chief medical officer in England – States that he wants the current system switched in the UK. He, among many people in the UK thinks change is overdue. The current system for organ donation in the UK have an opt-in system that only allows retrieving of organs from citizens who either have a donor card or are signed up in the Organ Donor Register. He would like the whole policy of organ donation to change into what’s known as presumed consent which allows the retrieving of organs from all citizens after their death that haven’t already, before death, refused permission for that to happen. His argument for the system change lies within the massive organs that are wasted. The organs of all the citizens who haven’t got a donor card or are registered for donation will be wasted because they simply didn’t care about organ donation. By changing the system no dead citizen or his/hers family will get upset and organ donation will be possible for a way larger group than now. Natalie Sillince – Explains how the current system forced a very unpleasant......
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...Religion and Public’s Attitudes Toward on Organ Donation Outline I. Thesis Statement: Organ and tissue is the gift of life, however, there are many factors such as family, religion, and public’s attitudes influence the decide-making of organ donation. Therefore, understanding organ and tissues donation can help you make a better choice. II. Body A. Organ donation 1. Definition: What is “Organ Donation”? a. Organ donation and transplantation b. Tissues donation and transplantation c. Body donation d. Living donation 2. History of organ donation 3. Nowadays of organ donation B. Family’s attitudes toward on organ donation 1. Approve 2. Disapprove 3. Survey finding C. Religion’s attitudes toward on organ donation 1. Approve 2. Disapprove 3. Survey finding D. Public’s attitudes toward on organ donation 1. Myths of organ donation 2. Facts of organ donation 3. Survey finding III. Conclusion A. Who needs organ donation? B. Who can be an organ donor? C. How to be an organ donor? Working Bibliography Rodrigue, JR, DL Cornell, and RJ Howard. "Relationship of exposure to organ donation information to attitudes, beliefs, and donation decisions of next of kin." Progress in Transplantation 19.2 (2009): 173-179. CINAHL Plus with Full Text. EBSCO. Web. 1 Jan. 2011. Shroff, S. "Legal and ethical aspects of organ donation and transplantation."......
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...Definition Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the person's own body, to replace the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative medicine is allowing scientists and engineers to create organs to be re-grown from the person's own cells (stem cells, or cells extracted from the failing organs). Organs and/or tissues that are transplanted within the same person's body are called auto grafts. Transplants that are recently performed between two subjects of the same species are called allograft. Allograft can either be from a living or cadaveric source. Organs that can be transplanted are the heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, intestine, and thymus. Tissues include bones, tendons (both referred to as musculoskeletal grafts), cornea, skin, heart valves, nerves and veins. Worldwide, the kidneys are the most commonly transplanted organs, followed by the liver and then the heart. Cornea and musculoskeletal grafts are the most commonly transplanted tissues; these outnumber organ transplants by more than tenfold. Organ donors may be living, brain dead, or dead via circulatory death. Tissue may be recovered from donors who die of circulatory death, as well as of brain death – up to 24 hours past the cessation of heartbeat. Unlike organs, most tissues (with the exception of corneas) can be preserved and stored for up to five years, meaning they can be "banked".......
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...Eye – sight The only vision organ in our body is eye. The eye is connected to the brain through the optic nerve and the point of this connection is called the "blind spot" because it is highly sensitive to light. Furthermore experiments have shown that the back of the brain maps the visual input from the eyes. An eye has a dynamic structure consisting of a transparent lens that focuses light on the retina. The retina is covered with two basic types of light-sensitive cells-rods and cones. The light is focused by the cone cells which are sensitive to color and they are located in the part of the retina. The rod cells are not sensitive to color, but it have got a greater sensitivity to light than the cone cells. The brain combines the input of our two eyes into a single three-dimensional image. Additionally even though the image on the retina is upside-down because of the focusing action of the lens, the brain converts and provides the right-side-up perception. The iris actually is a pigmented muscle that controls the size of the pupil, which dilates to allow more light into the eye or contracts to allow less light into the eye. The iris and pupil are covered by the cornea. The range of perception of the eye is phenomenal. In the dark, the eye perception would be a substance produced by the rod cells which increases the sensitivity of the eye so that it is possible to detect very dim light. Strong light, the iris contracts reducing the size of the lens that admits light......
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...Name and Section: Speech Title: Organ Donation Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience to not only donate their organs, but to take care to ensure there is action taken upon their decisions. Organizational Pattern: Problem-Solution order Introduction I. Attention Getter: We all know how it feels to wait for something, that eager, antsy feeling that overwhelms you when you’re placed on a waiting list for something that you really want. Now, imagine that the waiting list you are on is over 121,000 people long. And the item you are waiting on is a matter of life and death. (http://www.americantransplantfoundation.org/about-transplant/facts-and-myths/) II. Thesis: There is an ever growing need for organ donation and donating can be a simple process to complete. III. Credibility Statement: On average, 22 people per day die on the organ transplant list due to organ donor shortages. (http://www.americantransplantfoundation.org/about-transplant/facts-and-myths/) IV. Preview Statement: The purpose of this presentation is to persuade listeners to donate organs by presenting the critical need for donors, share the benefits of donating, and debunk some widely believed myths. My hope is that I will share enough information that a non-donor will become a donor or a donor will take action to ensure their organ donation after death. Body Transition: There is a great need for organ donors. Unfortunately, there are over 121,000 people on the transplant waiting list and only......
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...Organ donation, at the present time, has become an increasingly vital part in our modern society, which meanwhile, attracts a large number of people’s attention. When people die, organ donation should be mandatory which has been proven to be highly controversial. Therefore, some people point out that organ donation should be compulsory, whilst the rest hold such a view that organ donation should depend on only owners’ will. This essay will explore whether it should be or should not be mandatory for everyone to donate one of their organs when they die. First of all, some claim that organ donation should be compulsory that brings considerable benefits to many people. On the one hand, there are not enough organs for patients who need organ transplantation to save their life. So, many people died caused by insufficient organ donations. If so, it can solve the lack of organs. On the other hand, many people are spending exorbitant amount of money to buy organs via black market merchants or from other illicit media. It leads to the highly rates of crime. Only if organ donation is mandatory, people can obtain organ from the legal way and also can reduce the crime rates. However, supported by some other people, the argument that organ donation should not be compulsory also carries numerous merits. Firstly, keeping the body in one piece can be found as a religious or superstitious believes among several dominating civilizations or countries until today. Because everyone has their...
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Organ and tissue donation has become a key part of the healthcare sector. The number of patients whose organs are failing continues to increase. Consequently, the number of those in need of donated organs continues to rise, despite the limited number of donors. At times, it becomes a business as some immoral individuals and groups work in cahoots with medical personnel to illegally acquire organs and sell to needy patients at extremely high prices. The killing of the Falun Gong in China for organ harvesting highlights the high demand for organs. In light of the debate surrounding organ donation, this paper argues that it is a necessary procedure that needs to be embraced by potential donors and patients.
Kidneys, corneas, heart, lungs, liver, intestines, and several other body parts of living or deceased people can be donated to those in need. It is a heroic thing to help a fellow human being who is facing death unless he receives a functioning organ from another person. Organ and tissue donation gives sick people a second chance at life. It saves lives and patients who might not otherwise survive get a chance to live.
Some of the reasons identified by opponents of organ donation are religious. Some religions believe that when one donates his organs during his lifetime, he will suffer torments in the afterlife. Family beliefs have also been cited by some opponents. Some families bar their members from donating organs.
In some cases, the opponents of organ and tissue donation merely ride on misconceptions. For instance, some people believe that during the operation, the donor would have to fund all the costs involved. However, in reality, the costs are usually borne by the organ recipient. In other cases, some people believe that once someone donates organs, doctors would be reluctant to save the donors’ lives once they realize that the patient had donated sometime earlier in their life. This is a fallacy as doctors are legally and ethically required to provide the requisite services to patients at all times.
Contrary to the popular fallacies perpetuated and believed by individuals who are hesitant to donate organs, it is a noble thing to do. It can save the life of not only the recipient but numerous other people. A donor touches the lives of tens of people. When one person donates, he is encouraging many others to do the same. The recipient remains grateful and every single day, he or she knows that without the donor’s generosity and sacrifice, they would be dead.
One can also donate to science. By donating to science, scientists are able to carry out more research, a starting point in the discovery of cures for diseases and the improvement of human life. Scientists’ knowledge of body organs relies to a great extent on donation thus the cure for such diseases as cancer depends on the sacrifice and generosity of individual donors. In a way, donation enhances the wellbeing of humanity.
In conclusion, organ and tissue donation are not just a noble thing to do; it is a human duty. Saving human life overrides any religious and family beliefs. In this regard, a donor does more good by offering their liver, kidney, or other body parts with little or no regard for misconceptions as human life is sacred and worth saving.